As you can see the period between 1919 to 1923 was defined by one crisis after another. In January 1923, there were five French divisions and one Belgian division in the Ruhr. Economic policies and benefits Hitler's economic policy had four main ideas: 1. The German government had resisted the French but in doing so, it had ruined the country. Germany - Revision Document. FREE (9) Annabelledobson Edexcel Anglo-Saxon revision cardsort- topic overview £ 4.00 (0) Annabelledobson Edexcel 9-1 GCSE Revision notes- Anglo-Saxons £ 3.00 (2) Popular paid resources. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. | |30 June 1934 |Night of the Long Knives - some SA leaders are demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda, and that the SA | |[pic] |take over the army. The Munich Putsch 1923 In November 1923, Hitler tried to take advantage of the crisis facing the Weimar government by instigating a revolution in Munich. Monday, 24 October 2011. In retaliation, 5,000 people were executed. His Social Democrats won more seats in parliament than any other party so, for the moment, Ebert’s position was safe. Report Thu 30th May, 2013 @ 21:17. nice:) jay. Beauty of Work - the Nazis set up the SdA (Beauty of Work) to help Germans see that work was good, and that everyone who could work should. |24 April 1934 |People's Courts - Hitler sets up the Nazi people's courts where judges have to swear an oath of loyalty to the Nazis. When he suceeded, their attempt to get rid of him fell apart, and Hitler dismissed the chief of staff and 60 other generals. • Nazis encouraged people to revive the old Viking myths and ceremonies. [pic] Hitler waved a gun at Khar and Lossow On the night of 8 November 1923, Hitler and 600 storm troopers burst into a meeting that Kahr and Lossow were holding at the local Beer Hall. MrHappyMan01. After just 100 hours as Germany’s new ruler, Kapp resigned, gave in and fled to Sweden. • Put homosexuals, prostitutes, Jehovah's Witnesses, alcoholics, pacifists, beggars, hooligans and criminals - who they regarded as anti-social - into concentration camps. During the war, 'swing' groups were formed. Work (working) • Dr Robert Ley, head of the DAF [DAF: German Labour Front ], boasted that he controlled workers' lives from the 'cradle to the grave'. Germany Exam Admin: Class Assessment Feedback: Content related revision material: P3: PLC Exam Question Log. 16% Coal 5. But the immediate effect was to cause unrest in all parts of the country and to trigger off a putsch in Bavaria. His explanation was simple: ‘The German army was stabbed in the back. Anya. Artists had to produce acceptable paintings that portrayed Nazi values. Word Document 54.99 Kb. 4. The government became the scapegoat, someone whom you blame, for all these problems. Depth Study: Germany Part 3 - The Nazi regime. A blog for my IGCSE students to find resources which can help them boost their subjects. An inflationary spiral tends to set in. In the west, however, we can scarcely count on being able to withstand a serious offensive…The success of the operation as a whole is very doubtful, but as a soldier, I cannot help feeling that it were better to die honourably than accept a disgraceful peace. 12.5% Population 4. GCSE History Revision Notes. • Hitler introduced conscription in 1936; most men went into the army after the RAD. • Many of the people in Germany were communists who wanted to bring in a Russian-style communist government. 7. The bomb was planted by Colonel Stauffenberg. It doesn't matter which one you focused on as the layout of the exam and the requirements of the mark scheme are the same. Everything depended on American money - if that stopped, Germany was ready to return to crisis. 3. The Nazis racial philosophy taught that some races were untermensch (sub-human). Friedrich Ebert, the new socialist leader of Germany, tried to calm the situation. History / Contemporary history (1901 – Present Day) 14-16; View more. The White Rose group was formed by students at Munich University. THANK YOU. ]. . A strong Germany - the Treaty of Versailles should be abolished and all German-speaking people united in one country. By this time, the Germans had to accept the terms, however harsh they may have been. . The Early Nazi Party The Nazi ideology: • Lebensraum - the need for 'living space' for the German nation to expand. Persecution Who did the Nazis persecute? GERMANY TOPIC MAP (Knowledge Checklist) GCSE Germany Assessment Mat (Mark scheme) Germany Exam Paper. Notes Unmarried women could volunteer to have a baby for an Aryan [Aryan: a person of European decent (not Jewish) often with blond hair and blue eyes - the Nazis viewed as the superior human race ] member of the SS Women were supposed to emulate traditional German peasant fashions - plain peasant costumes, hair in plaits or buns and flat shoes. So even if they could afford to buy food, they might not be able to pay for the gas to cook it. IGCSE History Paper 4 is the Depth Study paper, and consequently the content material differs depending on what Depth Study you studied at your school. 1918 - 1945 2. Lack of Respect for Democratic Governments, Negative Association with the Versailles Peace Treaty. The Nazi party was banned, and Hitler was prevented from speaking in public until 1927. A booklet covering the 2015- 17 iGCSE History syllabus, with Germany 1918-1945 as the chosen depth study. Ebert and the government were able to return to Berlin to regain control, as if nothing had happened. Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934? • Sterilised black people. A paramilitary wing of the Social Democratic Party, called the Reichsbanner, sabotaged railway lines and acted as spies. They agreed, thinking they could control him. The 25-Point Programme had policies that were: • Socialist - eg farmers should be given their land; pensions should improve; and public industries such as electricity and water should be owned by the state. As if all these problems were not enough, the German government found itself in a difficult position because of the very bad state of the German economy. Hitler sets up the Gestapo. 2. People lost confidence in the democratic system and turned towards the extremist political parties such as the Communists and Nazis during the depression. British were successful in a blockade of German ports, which was affecting the citizens as there were severe food shortages. • There was an elected president and an elected Reichstag (parliament). GCSE History - Germany 1918-1945. Covers the following topics: 1. • History was taught to glorify Germany. Non-Nazi Catholic priests and Protestant pastors such as Martin Niemoller and Dietrich Bonhoffer were sent to concentration camps. In fact, officials were left to make most of the decisions themselves, and the Nazi government was badly-organised, and chaotic. President Hindenburg dismissed Bruning in 1932. Many Protestant pastors, led by Martin Niemoller, formed the Confessional Church in opposition to Hitler's Reich Church. In 1937, the Pope's message 'With Burning Concern' attacked Hitler as 'a mad prophet with repulsive arrogance' and was read in every Catholic church. Study Gcse History Germany using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. | |26 April 1933 |Local government is reorganised - the country is carved up into 42 Gaus, which are run by a Gauleiter. The Nazis targeted specific groups of society with different slogans and policies to win their support. Annabelledobson Edexcel 9-1 GCSE Revision notes- Germany. Literacy in History: How to write a great History essay. IGCSE History chapter notes; Igcse History Chapter Notes. 3. Niemoller was held in a concentration camp during the period 1937-1945. The lives of young people were controlled both in and out of school to turn them into fanatical Nazis. As with left wing ‘uprisings’, this was unsuccessful. It seemed that the Great War was about to start all over again. number: 206095338. 10% Of Land 2. People were starving, the Kaiser had fled and people hated the government for signing the armistice to end the war in November 1918 - they called them the November criminals. Seven key structures The Nazi party aimed to control every aspect of people's political, social and working lives. German's currency became worthless. They took food and supplies and put anyone who did not cooperate into prison. It is commonly said that inflation is caused by too much money chasing two few goods. The Cambridge IGCSE History syllabus looks at some of the major international issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as covering the history of particular regions in more depth. (2018, May 02). lack of potential customers. Hitler was given power in a political deal by Hindenburg and Papen who foolishly thought they could control him. 3. The Nazis devised a scheme to allow workers to buy a Volkswagen Beetle car for a small weekly payment. The Nazis believed that only Germans could be citizens and that non-Germans did not have any right to the rights of citizenship. They also blamed it for the economic problems that the country was experiencing during these years. Propaganda (method of control) Josef Goebbels controlled the Propaganda Ministry, which aimed to brainwash people into obeying the Nazis and idolising Hitler. How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War? From 2020 examination this syllabus will no longer be regulated by the qualifications and examinations regulators in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. 2.2 The Treaty of Versailles(with Germany, June 1919) On 28thJune 1919, in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles (16 kilometres from Paris), the Allied leaders forced the Germans to sign the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler's agreement with the Pope | | |was a temporary truce that allowed Hitler to ban the Catholic Zentrum party without opposition from the Catholic Church. Even then, their members remained hostile to the republic and many later joined Hitler’s private armies. Many Germans would have preferred to fight again rather than sign the peace treaty being drawn up in Paris by the Allies. Top Gcse History Germany Flashcards Ranked by Quality. The Reparations Commissions soon found itself at the centre of a furious argument. On the tombstone: His spirit lives on. Nationalists and racists blamed the Treaty of Versailles and reparations. Over the next eight months, they killed 132 people and expelled an estimated 150 000 from their homes. It is clear from these figures that the German mark was already losing its value before the French invaded the Ruhr. | |This destroyed all opposition within the Nazi Party. • There was a concentration on physical fitness. Production in mines and factories fell; more and more became unemployed. • Pensioners on fixed incomes and people with savings were the most badly hit. The French were disappointed, for it was only half what they wanted. Millions of people faced starvation as a result of hyperinflation. Field Marshall Hindenburg gave this advice to President Ebert: In the event of a resumption of hostilities, we can…defend our frontiers in the east. Prices ran out of control - eg a loaf of bread, which cost 250 marks in January 1923 had risen to 200,000 million marks in November 1923. To have even part of this taken away would be a shattering blow to the country’s well-being. The country was breaking up. The German defeat of 1918 was blamed on Jewish and Marxist spies who weakened the system from within; The Treaty of Versailles was the work of nations who were jealous of Germany’s success; The hyperinflation of 1923 was blamed on Jewish saboteurs; Biology became a study of races. Sterilised deaf people. Here are the best resources to pass GCSE Weimar and Nazi Germany at edexcel. On 7 May 1919, the Allies finalized/announced the terms of the peace treaty. 3. | |5 Mar 1933 |General Election - only 44 per cent of the population vote for the Nazis, who win 288 seats in the Reichstag. America called in all its foreign loans, which destroyed Weimar Germany due to the Dawes Plan. The problem with this was that it did not say what an emergency was, and in the end, it turned out to be a way that Hitler used to take power legally. One man borrowed money to buy a herd of cattle, but soon after paid back his loan by selling one cow. With the help of the Free Corps, the Weimar government had put down the communists in both Berlin and Bavaria. This dramatic turnabout happened because Germany was saved by two people - Gustav Stresemann and Charles Dawes. The appeal of the Nazis In the 1920s, the Nazis tried to be all things to all people. • Arrests of thousands of people terrified opponents. [pic] The Kapp Putsch march in March 1920, the right-wing nationalist Dr Wolfgang Kapp took over Berlin. It is usually produced to influence how the people of a nation think. ] Hitler was a great speaker, with the power to make people support him. After four years of stalemate in the trenches Germany surrendered. • Books written by Jews were publicly burned. The working classes were badly hit: wages failed to keep pace with inflation and trade union funds were wiped out. Clear message showing the link between the reparations set by the Treaty of Versailles and the German preparations regarding rearmament. Government (political) The way Hitler consolidated power in 1933-1934 meant that the Nazis had absolute control of national and local government. This was an impossible situation for Hitler, who had 3,000 troops ready to fight. Ebert got ready to stand down as President. IGCSE Cambridge Germany Germany Depth Study B 1 Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start? One result was a campaign of hatred against the French. 1. Memorial card. Passive resistance did the German government more harm than it did to the French. IGCSE Modern World History Revision: 2020 The Cambridge IGCSE Modern World History Examination consists of two papers: Paper 1: Core Content - Students answer three question in the (a) Describe, (b) Explain, (c) Assess format in two hours. 1942 • Wansee Conference (20 January) decided on the Final Solution, which was to gas all Europe's Jews. The Germans had not been consulted about any of this, but they were simply ordered to sign it without discussion. Flashcards. 4. • Textbooks were re-written to include Nazi political and racial ideas. For example, there were many politically motivated murders during this time; most of which were obviously committed by right-wingers, but virtually none of them were punished. Encouraged by Socialists and Communists, people began to talk of overthrowing him in a revolution. Looking back on the history, people begin to ask questions about why things happened the way that they did. Destroyed much of the old Germany as the army was defeated and people surviving on turnips and bread. • Rearmament created jobs in the armaments industry. Opposition Those who spoke out against Hitler and his policies faced intimidation and threats from the Gestapo or imprisonment and in some cases execution. The new parliament went to Weimar, a town in southern Germany, far away from the violence in Berlin, and on 11 February 1919, elected Ebert President of the new German Republic – the. Resources For Teachers, Students & Parents. Results of the Munich Putsch The Munich Putsch was a failure. Germany Revision Guide 2. Hyperinflation The sudden flood of paper money into the economy, on top of the general strike - which meant that no goods were manufactured, so there was more money, chasing fewer goods - combined with a weak economy ruined by the war, all resulted in hyperinflation. PLAY. Friedrich Ebert, leader of the Social Democratic Party, took his place as leader of Germany. By the end of 1923 Stresemann had managed to avert disaster in Germany. GCSE History AQA 2017 Flashcard Maker: K Rawlinson. Germany was soon awash with paper money. It is your completely own era to achievement reviewing habit. SS and Gestapo (Secret State Police. ) Even at the end of the war, women were never asked to serve in the armed forces. Army Reduced To 100,000 And No Air Force 7. Unemployment in Germany rose to 6 million. The Weimar government's main crisis occurred in 1923, when the Germans failed to make a reparations payment ( payments made for damage caused in WW1. 5. Home Unification of Italy ... unification of germany There were numerous attempts at unifying Germany but for some reason, they always failed. 4. Who was to blame for the Cold War? Led by socialists, they set up their own workers’ and soldiers’ councils to run the towns. • Jewish civil servants, lawyers and teachers sacked. It will help you to plan your revision programme for the examination and will explain what the examiners are looking for in the answers you write. • He began a huge programme of public works including planting forests, and building hospitals and schools. 1. Academic Destressor | IGCSE | IDBP. 2. • Germany was in danger - from Communists and Jews, who had to be destroyed. History had a nationalistic approach. So there was the choice: to fight on and risk total defeat in the end; or to make peace now on reasonable terms. 3. Many middle-class people, alarmed by the obvious failure of democracy, decided that the country needed a strong government. Weimar Republic was formed when, socialist leader; Friedrich Ebert became leader of the Republic of Germany - Ebert immediately signed an armistice with the Allies The Weimar Republic was in crisis and about to collapse. • Girls were taught cookery; boys were taught science and maths. Many German people suffered as a result of this economic crisis. Or so it seemed at the time. • Films were controlled to make films that glorified war and pilloried the Jews. In January 1933, Hindenburg and Papen came up with a plan to get the Nazis on their side by offering to make Hitler vice chancellor. Without exception, all Germans found the treaty unjust and unacceptable because it was dictated to them. They sell their products to education, consumer creative professional, business and government customers. More violent groups were called the Edelweiss Pirates. All he could was to abdicate. Summary Summary IGCSE Cambridge History Germany Depth Study Notes . 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